‘Forensics’ is short for Forensic Science!
The word forensic comes from the Latin adjective forensis, meaning “of or before the forum”. In Roman times, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their side of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. Basically, the person with the sharpest forensic skills would win. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation.
‘Forensics’ is not only related to a legal system, more generally forensics encompasses the accepted scholarly or scientific methodology and norms under which the facts regarding an event, or an artifact, or some other physical item (such as a corpse) are ascertained as being the case. In that regard the concept is related to the notion of authentication, whereby an interest outside of a legal form exists in determining whether an object is what it purports to be, or is alleged as being.
Subdivisions of forensics contains Computational forensics, Criminalistics, Digital forensics,Forensic anthropology,Forensic archaeology, Forensic DNA analysis,Forensic entomology, Forensic geology,Forensic meteorology, Forensic odontology,Forensic pathology, Forensic psychology,Forensic toxicology,Forensic video analysis,Forensic engineering, etc.
Among which, ‘Computational forensics’ is becoming very popular today! Computational forensics concerns the development of algorithms and software to assist forensic examination.
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