Before the following troubleshooting guides, make sure you’ve turned on every power switch and power button on your computer:
* Power button/switch on the front of the computer
* Power switch on the back of the computer
* Power switch on the power strip, surge protector, or UPS (if you have one)
* Verify that the power supply voltage switch is set correctly. If the input voltage for the power supply does not match the correct setting for your country, your computer may not power on at all.
* Check for disconnected computer power cable connections. A loose or unplugged power cable is one of the top reasons why a computer doesn’t turn on.
* Perform a “lamp test” to verify power is being provided from the wall. Your computer isn’t going to turn on if it’s not getting power so you need to make sure that the power source is working properly.
Note: If you have a multimeter or another electrical testing device you are welcome to use that to test your wall outlet (and power strip, surge protector, etc.). The lamp test is useful if you don’t have an electrical testing device.
* Test your power supply. At this point in your troubleshooting, it’s very likely that the power supply unit in your computer is no longer working and should be replaced. You should however test it just to be sure. There’s no reason to replace a working piece of hardware when testing it is fairly easy.
Replace your power supply if it fails your testing.
Important: In the majority of cases when a computer isn’t receiving power, a nonworking power supply is to blame.
* Test the power button on the front of your computer’s case. It’s not a very common point of failure but your computer might not be receiving power because the power button on the front of your PC is damaged and is not actually turning your computer on.
Replace the power button if it fails your testing.
* Replace your motherboard. If you’re confident that your wall power, power supply, and power button are working, it’s likely that there is a problem with your PC’s motherboard and it should be replaced.
Note: While perfectly doable by anyone with some patience, replacing a motherboard is rarely a quick, easy, or inexpensive task. Be sure you’ve exhausted all of the other troubleshooting advice I’ve given above before replacing your motherboard.
Note: I highly recommend that you test your computer with a Power On Self Test card to confirm that the motherboard is the cause of your computer not turning on at all.
1. Are you troubleshooting this issue on a PC that you’ve just built yourself? If so, triple check your configuration! There is a decent chance that your computer isn’t powering on due to a misconfiguration and not an actual hardware failure.
2. Did I miss a troubleshooting step that helped you (or might help someone else) fix a computer that’s not showing any sign of power? Let me know and I’d be happy to include the information here.
3. Is your computer still showing no sign of power even after following the steps above? if so, you need to find some professional PC support forum or PC repair experts to check it for you and tell them what you’ve already done on your computer.
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